Department of Biological Sciences

Department of Biological Sciences

The Department of Biological Sciences offers four undergraduate degrees: the B.A. in Biology, the B.S. in Biochemistry (a joint program with the Department of Chemistry and the Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences), the B.S. in Biology, and the B.S. in Microbiology. Within two of the four degrees, students select an area of concentration. Each undergraduate degree program is designed to prepare students with a distinct set of knowledge and skills that will serve as the foundation for a technical or scientific career, further graduate studies, professional schools in a variety of human and animal health fields, or as biology educators. Students should meet with an advisor early in their program to select the most appropriate major and concentration.

Bachelor of Arts in Biology

The B.A. in Biology is designed for students who want to pursue either teacher certification in biology or a career where skills and knowledge of natural history (outdoor or environmental education, interpretation, identification, field studies) are desirable. The B.A. has fewer courses in Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics than the B.S. in Biology, and more upper division electives, providing students with greater latitude to design their own program of study. Students who pursue the B.A. in Biology will not meet the minimum requirements for admission to most graduate research programs in biological sciences or professional programs in the health sciences.

The B.A. degree requires that students complete all of the General Education Objectives described in the Academic Information section of this catalog.  Students must also satisfy the core requirements listed below and the requirements of one of the concentrations (Biology Education or Natural History).  All graduates of this degree program will earn a B.A. in Biology regardless of the concentration selected.

Required Core Courses:

BIOL 1101
1101L
Biology I
and Biology I Lab
4
BIOL 1102
1102L
Biology II
and Biology II Lab
4
BIOL 2206
BIOL 2207
Cell Biology
and Cell Biology Laboratory
4
BIOL 2209
2209L
General Ecology
and General Ecology Laboratory
4
BIOL 3358Genetics3
BIOL 4417Organic Evolution3
BIOL 4491
BIOL 4492
Seminar
and Seminar
2

Required Supporting Science Courses:

MATH 1160Applied Calculus3
or MATH 1153 Introduction to Statistics
CHEM 1111
1111L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Lab
5
CHEM 1112
1112L
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Lab
4

Concentration in Biology Education

(Idaho teacher preparation requires 45 credits of Biology in the Single Subject Major)

Students in the B.A. in Biology program with the Concentration in Biology Education may complete the requirements for teacher certification by completing the Professional Education Core and other required courses in the College of Education. Such students must apply for admission to the Teacher Education program (see the College of Education section of the catalog for details).

In addition to completing the Required Core courses and the General Education Requirements, students earning a B.A. in Biology in the Biological Education concentration must complete the following requirements.

Required Courses:

BIOL 2221
2221L
Introductory Microbiology
and Introductory Microbiology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4413Biology Teaching Methods3

Elective Courses:

2 courses from Animal Biology list below6-8
2 courses from Plant Biology list below6-8
Biology Electives (any Biology course, to meet 45 credits minimum)2-4

Suggested Animal Biology Courses:

BIOL 3304
3304L
Comparative Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology
and Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology Lab
5
BIOL 3310
3310L
Invertebrate Zoology
and Invertebrate Zoology Lab
4
BIOL 4423General Parasitology3
BIOL 4426
4426L
Herpetology
and Herpetology Lab
4
BIOL 4427
4427L
Ichthyology
and Ichthyology Lab
4
BIOL 4431
4431L
General Entomology
and General Entomology Lab
4
BIOL 4438Ornithology4
BIOL 4441
4441L
Mammalogy
and Mammalogy Lab
4
BIOL 4459
4459L
Fish Ecology
and Fish Ecology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4462
4462L
Freshwater Ecology
and Freshwater Ecology Lab
4
BIOL 4495Animal Behavior4

Suggested Plant Biology Courses:

BIOL 2213Fall Flora2
BIOL 2214Spring Flora2
BIOL 4412
4412L
Systematic Botany
and Systematic Botany Lab
4
BIOL 4404Plant Physiology3
BIOL 4404LPlant Physiology Lab 11
BIOL 4405
4405L
Plant Form and Function
and Plant Form and Function Lab
4
BIOL 4408Plant Ecology3
BIOL 4408LPlant Ecology Lab 11
BIOL 4442Plant Animal Interactions3

1 These are optional labs.

Concentration in Natural History

Students in the B.A. in Biology program with the Concentration in Natural History should meet with an advisor to select the most appropriate courses for their interests. Students in this program may consider a Minor in another program, such as Outdoor Education (see the College of Education, Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, for details) or Geology (see College of Science and Engineering, Department of Geosciences, for details).

In addition to completing the Required Core courses and the General Education Requirements, students earning a B.A. in Biology in the Natural History concentration must complete the following requirements.

Required Electives

Diversity, Ecology, and Evolution Courses:1

At least 2 courses with Animal emphasis7-8
At least 2 courses with Plant emphasis7-8

Footnotes

1

See the Suggested Animal and Plant Biology course lists in the Biology Education Concentration above.

Biology Electives (any Biology course):

At least 3 courses in Biology8-10

Suggested Supporting Courses from Other Departments:

GEOL 1100The Dynamic Earth3
GEOL 1101Physical Geology3
HIST/MUSE 4411Introduction to Museum Studies2
PE 3386Outdoor Leadership3
PE 4440Survey of Outdoor Education Literature3
PE 4445Methods of Teaching Outdoor Activities and Practicum3-4

Bachelor of Science in Biology

The purpose of the B.S. in Biology is to serve students who have a broad interest in the biological sciences and who seek substantial flexibility in the development of their own programs. This degree fosters, in students, knowledge and understanding of major concepts in the discipline as well as the processes of scientific investigation. Students served by this Major are those interested in preparing for a career in biology, ecology, conservation or natural history, entering a health-related professional program (i.e., physician assistant, occupational therapist, medical doctor, etc.), certifying to teach in public schools, or developing a variety of laboratory skills. The B.S. in Biology requires significant exposure to biological sciences, as well as concepts in math and the physical sciences, while providing a large number of electives. The consequence is an understanding of the biological sciences and the flexibility and opportunity to specialize in areas of interest to students.  Up to 8 credits of Independent Problems and/or Mentored Research (AMOEBA) can be applied to the student's undergraduate degree.

Core Requirements

Students pursuing the B.S. degree must satisfy 8 of the 9 General Education Objectives (a minimum of 36 credits--see the General Education Requirements described in the Academic Information section of this catalog).  Students must also satisfy the core requirements listed below and the requirements of one of the concentrations in biology. All graduates of this degree program will earn a B.S. in Biology, regardless of the concentration selected.

Required Courses:

BIOL 1101
1101L
Biology I
and Biology I Lab
4
BIOL 1102
1102L
Biology II
and Biology II Lab
4
BIOL 2206
BIOL 2207
Cell Biology
and Cell Biology Laboratory 1
4
BIOL 2209
2209L
General Ecology
and General Ecology Laboratory
4
BIOL 3316Biometry Laboratory1
BIOL 3358Genetics3
BIOL 4417Organic Evolution3
BIOL 4491
BIOL 4492
Seminar
and Seminar
2
MATH 1160Applied Calculus3
MATH 3350Statistical Methods3
CHEM 1111
1111L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Lab
5
CHEM 1112
1112L
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Lab
4
CHEM 3301
CHEM 3303
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
4
PHYS 1111
PHYS 1113
General Physics
and General Physics I Laboratory
4
Select two of the following: 7
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
General Physics II
and General Physics II Laboratory
Biochemistry
General Education24
Total Hours79
1

BIOL 2235, BIOL 2235L, General Microbiology and Lab, may substitute for BIOL 2206, BIOL 2207 in the ECB and IOB concentrations, but not in the BMS concentration. Students in the BMS concentration must take BIOL 2206, BIOL 2207.

Concentration in Biomedical Sciences (BMS)

The concentration in Biomedical Sciences (BMS) focuses on developing an understanding of the key disciplines that serve as the foundation for biomedical sciences. This includes substantial coursework in chemistry and physics, as well as electives in mammalian anatomy and physiology, development, and neurobiology. The BMS concentration prepares students for graduate studies in biomedical research as well as admission to medical, dental, and veterinary and other health professional programs (pharmacy, physician assistant, optometry, podiatry).

In addition to completing the core requirements, students in the BMS concentration have the opportunity to select from a broad range of physiology, anatomy, and biomedical courses.

Biomedical Sciences Requirements

Anatomy and Physiology:

BIOL 3301
3301L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
Choose one of the following:5-8
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
OR
Comparative Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology
and Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology Lab

Upper Division BMS Electives:

Select a minimum of 12 credits from the following1:

BIOL 3305Introduction to Pathobiology3
BIOL 3324
3324L
Developmental Biology
and Developmental Biology Lab 1
4
BIOL 4400
4400L
Oral Histology and Embryology
and Oral History and Embryology Lab 2
3
BIOL 4419
4419L
Mammalian Histology
and Mammalian Histology Lab 2
4
BIOL 4423General Parasitology3
BIOL 4432Biochemistry 13
BIOL 4437Experimental Biochemistry1
BIOL 4433
4433L
Microbial Physiology
and Microbial Physiology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4440
4440L
Human Gross Anatomy
and Human Gross Anatomy Lab 2
4
BIOL 4443Endocrinology3
BIOL 4444
4444L
Cell and Molecular Biology
and Cell and Molecular Biology Lab
4
BIOL 4449Human Physiology I 24
BIOL 4450
4450L
Head and Neck Anatomy
and Head and Neck Anatomy Lab 2
3
BIOL 4451
4451L
Immunology
and Immunology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4453Foundations in Neuroscience3
BIOL 4455Pathogenic Microbiology3
BIOL 4456Human Physiology II 24
BIOL 4463
4463L
Human Pathophysiology
and Human Pathophysiology Lab 2
4
BIOL 4466Medical Mycology3
BIOL 4470Cross-Sectional Anatomy 22
BIOL 4475General Virology3
BIOL 4486
4486L
Human Systemic Physiology
and Human Systemic Physiology Lab 2
5
BIOL 4481Independent Problems1-4
or BIOL 4482 Independent Problems
BIOL 2280Mentored Research Alliance2
or BIOL 4480 Mentored Research Alliance
1

BIOL 3324 Developmental Biology and BIOL 4432 Biochemistry are strongly recommended as these are often required by medical, dental, and veterinary schools.

2

Indicates limited enrollment for undergraduates.

 Microbiology:

BIOL 2221
2221L
Introductory Microbiology
and Introductory Microbiology Laboratory
4
or BIOL 2235
2235L
General Microbiology
and General Microbiology Lab

Total BMS Concentration Requirements:

Anatomy and Physiology5-8
BMS Electives12
Microbiology4
Minimum Total21-24
Core Requirements79-80
Total100-104

Concentration in Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB)

The concentration in Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB) is for students who seek to understand the fundamental principles of ecology and their applications, with an emphasis on field studies. The ECB concentration prepares students for graduate studies in ecology or applied ecology, and careers in land and resource management (e.g., Bureau of Land Management, US Forest Service, Idaho Department of Fish and Game), environmental studies (e.g., Environmental Protection Agency, US Geological Survey, Department of Environmental Quality), and positions with conservation organizations (e.g., The Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife Service, World Wildlife Federation). The concentration allows students to select a variety of courses in plant and animal diversity, field biology, and evolution.

In addition to completing the core requirements, students in the ECB concentration have the opportunity to select from a broad range of ecology, diversity, and evolution courses. The concentration requires taxonomic breadth including at least 6 credits of plant biology and 6 credits of animal biology emphasis courses.

Ecology and Conservation Biology Concentration Requirements

Field Research:

BIOL 4489Field Ecology4
or BIOL 4493 Senior Thesis

Ecology Courses:

Select a minimum of 8 credits from the following:

BIOL 1192Careers in Ecology and Conservation Biology1
BIOL 3337Conservation Biology3
BIOL 4408
4408L
Plant Ecology
and Plant Ecology Lab
4
BIOL 4416
4416L
Population Ecology
and Population Ecology Lab
4
BIOL 4418Ecological Topics1
BIOL 4442Plant Animal Interactions3
BIOL 4459
4459L
Fish Ecology
and Fish Ecology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4462
4462L
Freshwater Ecology
and Freshwater Ecology Lab
4
BIOL/GEOL 4490Ecosystem Ecology and Global Changes4

Diversity or Evolutionary Courses:

Select a minimum of 8 credits from the following:

BIOL 2213Fall Flora2
BIOL 2214Spring Flora2
BIOL 3310
3310L
Invertebrate Zoology
and Invertebrate Zoology Lab
4
BIOL 4406
4406L
Plant Diversity and Evolution
and Plant Diversity and Evolution Lab
4
BIOL 4412
4412L
Systematic Botany
and Systematic Botany Lab
4
BIOL 4423General Parasitology3
BIOL 4426
4426L
Herpetology
and Herpetology Lab
4
BIOL 4427
4427L
Ichthyology
and Ichthyology Lab
4
BIOL 4431
4431L
General Entomology
and General Entomology Lab
4
BIOL 4434
4434L
Microbial Diversity
and Microbial Diversity Lab
4
BIOL 4438Ornithology4
BIOL 4441
4441L
Mammalogy
and Mammalogy Lab
4
BIOL 4495Animal Behavior4

Biology Electives:

Students must fulfill a minimum of an additional 3 credits of biology electives for which they can select any course in Biology, including Independent Problems (BIOL 4481 and/or BIOL 4482) and AMOEBA (Mentored Research Alliance, BIOL 2280 and/or BIOL 4480).

Total ECB Concentration Requirements

Field Research Experience4
Ecology Courses8
Diversity or Evolutionary Courses8
Biology Electives3
Minimum Total23
Core Requirements79-80
Total102-103

Concentration in Integrative Organismal Biology (IOB)

The concentration in Integrative Organismal Biology (IOB) focuses on understanding of the key disciplines that serve as the foundation of organismal biology: anatomy, physiology, behavior, and diversity, and electives in a variety of integrative biology courses. Students may select either an animal or a plant focus, or a combination. The IOB concentration prepares students for graduate studies in various fields of organismal biology (physiology, botany, zoology, evolution, ecology, behavior) and for professional schools (veterinary or OT/PT).

In addition to completing the core requirements, students in the IOB concentration have the opportunity to select from a broad range of physiology, anatomy, and diversity courses.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development Courses:

Select a minimum of 8 credits from the following:

BIOL 3301
3301L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 3302
3302L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 3304
3304L
Comparative Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology
and Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology Lab
5
BIOL 3324
3324L
Developmental Biology
and Developmental Biology Lab
4
BIOL 4404
4404L
Plant Physiology
and Plant Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 4405
4405L
Plant Form and Function
and Plant Form and Function Lab
4
BIOL 4419
4419L
Mammalian Histology
and Mammalian Histology Lab
4
BIOL 4432Biochemistry3
BIOL 4443Endocrinology3
BIOL 4464Lectures in Human Physiology4

Diversity or Evolutionary Courses:

Select a minimum of 8 credits from the following:

BIOL 2213Fall Flora2
BIOL 2214Spring Flora2
BIOL 3310
3310L
Invertebrate Zoology
and Invertebrate Zoology Lab
4
BIOL 4406
4406L
Plant Diversity and Evolution
and Plant Diversity and Evolution Lab
4
BIOL 4412
4412L
Systematic Botany
and Systematic Botany Lab
4
BIOL 4423General Parasitology3
BIOL 4426
4426L
Herpetology
and Herpetology Lab
4
BIOL 4427
4427L
Ichthyology
and Ichthyology Lab
4
BIOL 4431
4431L
General Entomology
and General Entomology Lab
4
BIOL 4434
4434L
Microbial Diversity
and Microbial Diversity Lab
4
BIOL 4438Ornithology4
BIOL 4441
4441L
Mammalogy
and Mammalogy Lab
4
BIOL 4442Plant Animal Interactions3
BIOL 4495Animal Behavior4

Biology Electives:

Students must fulfill a minimum of an additional 8 credits of biology electives for which they can select any course in Biology, includingIndependent Problems (BIOL 4481 and/or BIOL 4482) and AMOEBA (Mentored Research Alliance, BIOL 2280 and/or BIOL 4480).

Total IOB Concentration Requirements

Anatomy, Physiology, or Development courses8
Diversity or Evolutionary Courses8
Biology Electives8
Minimum Total24
Core Requirements79-80
Total103-104

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry

(This degree appears in the Biological Sciences and Chemistry sections of the catalog.)

Two departments - Biological Sciences and Chemistry - jointly offer the B.S. degree in Biochemistry. The curriculum is designed to prepare the student for graduate work in biochemistry and related fields, as well as for admission to medical, dental, or other health professional schools. The graduate is also prepared to go directly into research or industrial positions which require preparation only at the B.S. level.

The purpose of the B.S. in Biochemistry is to serve students who seek to develop a strong background in biochemistry and the supporting sciences of biology, chemistry, and physics. Majors also gain experience in the broad areas of biochemistry, molecular biology, biotechnology, and medical and/or ecological applications of each. Majors gain experience that will prepare them to participate in research development, planning and implementation, and to be competent to carry out standard biochemical and molecular biology techniques in the laboratory. The B.S. in Biochemistry prepares students to be competitive for positions in research, graduate schools, health profession schools, and in the biotechnology industry.

Core Requirements1

Students pursuing a Bachelor of Science must satisfy all of the General Education Objectives (a minimum of 24 credits; Objectives 3 and 5 are satisfied in the core--see the General Education Requirements described in the Academic Information section of this catalog). Students must also satisfy the core requirements listed below and at least 20 credits of elective courses selected from Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. In order to make timely progress toward the degree, it is imperative that the student work closely with a major advisor. All graduates of this program will earn a B.S. in Biochemistry.

BIOL 1101
1101L
Biology I
and Biology I Lab (Partially satisfies General Education Objective 5)
4
BIOL 1102
1102L
Biology II
and Biology II Lab
4
BIOL 2235
2235L
General Microbiology
and General Microbiology Lab 2
4
BIOL 3358Genetics3
BIOL 4437/CHEM 4438Experimental Biochemistry1
BIOL 4444
4444L
Cell and Molecular Biology
and Cell and Molecular Biology Lab
4
BIOL/CHEM 4445Biochemistry I3
BIOL/CHEM 4447Biochemistry II3
BIOL/CHEM 4498Seminar in Biochemistry1
CHEM 1111
1111L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Lab (Partially satisfies General Education Objective 5)
5
CHEM 1112
1112L
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Lab (Partially satisfies General Education Objective 5)
4
CHEM 2232
CHEM 2234
Quantitative Analysis
and Quantitative Analysis Laboratory
4
CHEM 3301
CHEM 3303
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
4
CHEM 3302
CHEM 3304
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
4
CHEM 3341Topics in Physical Chemistry I 33
CHEM 3342Topics in Physical Chemistry II 33
MATH 1170Calculus I (Satisfies General Education Objective 3)4
MATH 1175Calculus II4
PHYS 1111
PHYS 1113
General Physics
and General Physics I Laboratory (Partially satisfies General Education Objective 5) 4
4
PHYS 1112
PHYS 1114
General Physics II
and General Physics II Laboratory (Partially satisfies General Education Objective 5) 4
4
Additional General Education Requirements24
An additional 6 credits from any college or department6
Total Hours100
1

Students must pass core classes with a grade of C- or better.

2

May elect to take BIOL 2206 and BIOL 2207 instead of BIOL 2235 and BIOL 2235L.

3

May elect to take CHEM 3351 and CHEM 3352 instead of CHEM 3341 and CHEM 3342.

4

PHYS 2211, PHYS 2212, PHYS 2213, and PHYS 2214 may be taken to fulfill the Physics requirement in the core curriculum.

Electives

Students must take a minimum of 20 elective credits from the list below, with at least 8 credits in Biological Sciences (BIOL), 8 credits in Chemistry (CHEM), and 4 additional credits in either Biological Sciences (BIOL), Chemistry (CHEM), Mathematics (MATH), or Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (PSCI).

Courses in Biological Sciences:

BIOL 3301
3301L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 3302
3302L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 3304
3304L
Comparative Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology
and Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology Lab
5
BIOL 3324
3324L
Developmental Biology
and Developmental Biology Lab
4
BIOL 4404
4404L
Plant Physiology
and Plant Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 4417Organic Evolution3
BIOL 4433
4433L
Microbial Physiology
and Microbial Physiology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4434
4434L
Microbial Diversity
and Microbial Diversity Lab
4
BIOL 4443Endocrinology3
BIOL 4449Human Physiology I4
BIOL 4451
4451L
Immunology
and Immunology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4453Foundations in Neuroscience3
BIOL 4456Human Physiology II4
BIOL 4461Advanced Genetics3
BIOL 4473
4473L
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
and Applied Environmental Microbiology Lab
4
BIOL 4475General Virology3
BIOL 4477Bacterial Virology Laboratory1
or BIOL 4478 Animal Virology Laboratory
BIOL 4481
BIOL 4482
Independent Problems
and Independent Problems
max 2
BIOL 4494Seminar in Microbiology1

Courses in Chemistry:

CHEM 2211Inorganic Chemistry I3
CHEM 2213Inorganic Chemistry I Laboratory1
CHEM 3311
CHEM 3312
Introduction to Research
and Introduction to Research
max 2
CHEM 3331
CHEM 3334
Instrumental Analysis
and Instrumental Analysis Laboratory
4
CHEM 3365
CHEM 3366
Synthetic Methods
and Synthetic Methods Laboratory
4
CHEM 4407Inorganic Chemistry II 12
CHEM 4433
CHEM 4437
Environmental Chemistry
and Environmental Chemistry Laboratory
3
CHEM 4451Physical Chemistry Laboratory I 21
CHEM 4452Physical Chemistry Laboratory II 31
CHEM 4481
CHEM 4482
Independent Problems in Chemistry
and Independent Problems in Chemistry
max 2
CHEM 4485Senior Researchmax 1
CHEM 4491Seminar1

Courses in Mathematics:

MATH 2240Linear Algebra3
MATH 2275Calculus III4
MATH 3360Differential Equations3

Courses in Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences:

PSCI 2205Drugs in Society2
PSCI 3301Introduction to Pharmacology3
PSCI 3308Drug Discovery2
PSCI 3353Introduction to Methods in Pharmaceutical Sciences2
PSCI 4407Pharmacogenomics2
PSCI 4408Medicinal Chemistry3
PSCI 4440Fundamentals of Nanoscience3
1

Prerequisites include CHEM 2211, CHEM 2213, and CHEM 3351.

2

Corequisite is CHEM 3351.

3

Corequisite is CHEM 3352.

 

Bachelor of Science in Microbiology

The purpose of the BS in Microbiology is to serve students who seek to develop a strong background in microbiology and molecular biology, with applications for biotechnology, medical, and environmental biology. Majors gain experiences that prepare them to participate in the development of research plans and their implementation, and to be competent to carry out standard microbiological and molecular biology techniques in the laboratory. The BS in Microbiology prepares students to be competitive for positions in research, graduate schools, health professional schools, and in the biotechnology industry.

Core Requirements

Students pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree must satisfy the General Education Objectives (a minimum of 36 credits). Students must also satisfy the core requirements listed below and at least 20 credits of elective courses in Microbiology. (Need 36 upper division course hours.) In order to make timely progress toward the degree, it is imperative that the student work closely with a major advisor.

Required Courses in Biological Sciences:

BIOL 1101
1101L
Biology I
and Biology I Lab
4
BIOL 1102
1102L
Biology II
and Biology II Lab
4
BIOL 2235
2235L
General Microbiology
and General Microbiology Lab
4
BIOL 3358Genetics3
BIOL 4432Biochemistry3-6
OR
Biochemistry I
AND
Biochemistry II
BIOL 4433
4433L
Microbial Physiology
and Microbial Physiology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4444
4444L
Cell and Molecular Biology
and Cell and Molecular Biology Lab
4
BIOL 4494Seminar in Microbiology1
Total Hours27-30

Required Courses in Chemistry, Mathematics1, and Physics:

CHEM 1111
1111L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Lab
5
CHEM 1112
1112L
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Lab
4
CHEM 2232
CHEM 2234
Quantitative Analysis
and Quantitative Analysis Laboratory
4
CHEM 3301
CHEM 3303
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
4
CHEM 3302
CHEM 3304
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
4
MATH 1160Applied Calculus3-4
or MATH 1170 Calculus I
PHYS 1111
PHYS 1113
General Physics
and General Physics I Laboratory
4
PHYS 1112
PHYS 1114
General Physics II
and General Physics II Laboratory
4
Total Hours32-33

Microbiology Electives (20 credits)

BIOL 4434
4434L
Microbial Diversity
and Microbial Diversity Lab
4
BIOL 4437/CHEM 4438Experimental Biochemistry1
BIOL 4451
4451L
Immunology
and Immunology Laboratory
4
BIOL 4454Advanced Immunology3
BIOL 4455
4455L
Pathogenic Microbiology
and Pathogenic Microbiology Laboratory
5
BIOL 4461Advanced Genetics3
BIOL 4466Medical Mycology3
BIOL 4469Special Topics in Microbiology1-4
BIOL 4473
4473L
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
and Applied Environmental Microbiology Lab
4
BIOL 4475General Virology3
BIOL 4477Bacterial Virology Laboratory1
or BIOL 4478 Animal Virology Laboratory
BIOL 4498Seminar in Biochemistry1

Additional Biological Sciences courses (must take at least 8 credits)

These courses are chosen to enhance student background in a particular area of interest. Suggested courses could include (but are not limited to):

BIOL 2209General Ecology4
BIOL 2280Mentored Research Alliance2
or BIOL 4480 Mentored Research Alliance
BIOL 3301
3301L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 3302
3302L
Anatomy and Physiology
and Anatomy and Physiology Lab
4
BIOL 4417Organic Evolution3
BIOL 4481Independent Problems1-4
and/or
BIOL 4482Independent Problems1-4

(Courses not used to fulfill the microbiology electives could be used to satisfy this requirement.)

1

Additional courses in Mathematics that are highly recommended for students planning to attend graduate school are MATH 1175 (prerequisite is MATH 1170), MATH 2240, MATH 2275, or MATH 3360.

Minor in Biology1

BIOL 1101
1101L
Biology I
and Biology I Lab
4
BIOL 1102
1102L
Biology II
and Biology II Lab
4
BIOL 2206
BIOL 2207
Cell Biology
and Cell Biology Laboratory
4
BIOL 2209
2209L
General Ecology
and General Ecology Laboratory
4
BIOL 3358Genetics3
BIOL 4417Organic Evolution3
Upper division Biology courses6
Total Hours28
1

The Minor in Biology is only available to majors outside of Biological Sciences.

Minor in Microbiology1

BIOL 2235
2235L
General Microbiology
and General Microbiology Lab
4
Any combination of the following courses to total 14 credits14
Genetics
Biochemistry
Microbial Physiology
and Microbial Physiology Laboratory
Microbial Diversity
and Microbial Diversity Lab
Experimental Biochemistry
Cell and Molecular Biology
and Cell and Molecular Biology Lab
Immunology
and Immunology Laboratory
Advanced Genetics
General Virology
Bacterial Virology Laboratory
Animal Virology Laboratory

(BIOL 4482, BIOL 4491/BIOL 4492, and BIOL 4494 may not be used without prior approval of the departmental chair or assistant chair.)

1

The Minor in Microbiology is available to any major, but the upper division coursework (credits) applied to the Minor must be distinct from those applied to the Major.


How to Read Course Descriptions

Courses

BIOL 1100 Concepts Biology Human Concerns: 4 semester hours.

Considers biological issues related to human environment, population, inheritance, and basic concepts of resource conservation. Historical, contemporary and future implications of these issues are discussed. COREQ: BIOL 1100L. Partially satisfies Objective 5 of the General Education Requirements. F, S, Su

BIOL 1100L Concepts Biology Human Concerns Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 1100. Partially satisifes Objective 5 of the General Education Requirements. F, S, Su

BIOL 1101 Biology I: 4 semester hours.

Major concepts in biology with an emphasis on the acquisition of new knowledge, cell structure and function, principles of inheritance, and evolution. This course is for students majoring in the biological sciences. PRE-or-COREQ: MATH 1108. COREQ: BIOL 1101L. Partially satisfies Objective 5 of the General Education Requirements. F, S, Su

BIOL 1101L Biology I Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 1101. Partially satisfies Objective 5 of the General Education Requirements. F, S, Su

BIOL 1102 Biology II: 4 semester hours.

Major concepts in biology with an emphasis on the development of diversity, plant and animal structure and function, ecology, and behavior. This course is for students majoring in the biological sciences. PREREQ: BIOL 1101. COREQ: BIOL 1102L. F, S

BIOL 1102L Biology II Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 1102. F, S

BIOL 1192 Careers in Ecology and Conservation Biology: 1 semester hour.

Designed to acquaint majors or interested students with the field of conservation and to provide opportunities for interaction among students, faculty and professionals. AS

BIOL 2206 Cell Biology: 3 semester hours.

Study of cell structure and function, and experimental techniques used to study cells. Topics include cellular chemistry, expression of genetic information, protein sorting, reproduction, the cytoskeleton, signaling and cancer. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, CHEM 1111, and CHEM 1111L. PREREQ or COREQ: CHEM 1112 and CHEM 1112L. COREQ: BIOL 2207 for majors requiring BIOL 2207. F, S

BIOL 2207 Cell Biology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Experiments applying selected concepts from BIOL 2206. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 2206. F, S

BIOL 2209 General Ecology: 4 semester hours.

Organisms in relation to their environment. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 2209L. F, S

BIOL 2209L General Ecology Laboratory: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 2209. F, S

BIOL 2213 Fall Flora: 2 semester hours.

For teachers and others who wish to become acquainted with Idaho plants. Common names are emphasized. Common cultivated and native plants are collected and identified. F

BIOL 2214 Spring Flora: 2 semester hours.

For those who wish to become acquainted with the common names and habitat of edible, poisonous, native, and cultivated springtime plants of southeast Idaho. Identification and collection techniques are emphasized. S

BIOL 2221 Introductory Microbiology: 3 semester hours.

Essential principles of microbiology and an introduction to various applications of economic importance. No credit if taken after BIOL 2235. PREREQ: CHEM 1101, or CHEM 1111 and CHEM 1111L; BIOL 1101. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 2221L. F, S

BIOL 2221L Introductory Microbiology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 2221. F, S

BIOL 2230 Bioethics: 3 semester hours.

Examination of recent advances in biology and medicine in relation to basic ethical theories and traditional value systems. Focuses on human reproduction, genetic engineering, medical care, humans as experimental subjects, environmental issues, and death and dying. D

BIOL 2235 General Microbiology: 3 semester hours.

Comparative taxonomy, cytology, physiology, genetics, immunology, and ecology of microorganisms, and a survey of important applications. May be repeated upon completion of BIOL 2235L. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, and CHEM 1112. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 2235L. F, S

BIOL 2235L General Microbiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Laboratory exercises covering comparative taxonomy, cytology, physiology, genetics, immunology, and ecology of microorganisms. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 2235. F, S

BIOL 2280 Mentored Research Alliance: 2 semester hours.

Discovery research in life sciences conducted in a cooperative learning community. May be repeated. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1101L and permission of instructor. F, S

BIOL 2299 Experimental Course: 1-6 semester hours.

This is an experimental course. The course title and number of credits are announced in the class schedule by the scheduling department. Experimental courses may be offered no more than three times with the same title and content.

BIOL 3301 Anatomy and Physiology: 3 semester hours.

Structures and functions of integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. PREREQ: BIOL 1101. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 3301L. F,S

BIOL 3301L Anatomy and Physiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 3301. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 3301. F,S

BIOL 3302 Anatomy and Physiology: 3 semester hours.

Structures and functions of circulatory, respiratory, urinary, digestive, endocrine, and reproductive systems. PREREQ: BIOL 1101. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 3302L. F,S

BIOL 3302L Anatomy and Physiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 3302. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 3302. F,S

BIOL 3304 Comparative Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology: 5 semester hours.

Compares the structure and function of organisms including ionic and osmotic regulation, nerve and muscle, skeletal system, circulation, respiration and reproduction. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102 and one year of college chemistry. COREQ: BIOL 3304L. S

BIOL 3304L Vertebrate Morphology and Physiology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Hands-on investigation of the functional morphology and physiology of selected chordates, with representatives including fish, sharks, cats, and humans. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102 and one year of college chemistry. COREQ: BIOL 3304. S

BIOL 3305 Introduction to Pathobiology: 3 semester hours.

Concepts of pathobiology, to include causes, common mechanisms and manifestations of human disease. Patterns of pathogenesis as related to physiological mechanisms are examined. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1101L, BIOL 3301, and BIOL 3302. F, S

BIOL 3307 Radiobiology: 2 semester hours.

Survey of the effects of ionizing radiation on living matter at the subcellular, cellular, and organismal levels. Equivalent to HPHY 3307. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and one of the following: PHYS 1100, PHYS 1111, PHYS 2211, or HPHY 3321. S

BIOL 3310 Invertebrate Zoology: 4 semester hours.

General study of invertebrate animals with laboratory work on representatives of the invertebrate phyla. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 3310L. S

BIOL 3310L Invertebrate Zoology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 3310. S

BIOL 3316 Biometry Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Statistical analysis and presentation of data for the biological sciences. This course, which complements MATH 3350, focuses on manipulation, presentation, and analysis of data sets. PRE-or-COREQ: MATH 3350. F, S

BIOL 3324 Developmental Biology: 4 semester hours.

Fundamental principles and concepts of embryological development. Selected model systems will be studied to illustrate basic concepts in development. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, and BIOL 2206. COREQ: BIOL 3324L. S

BIOL 3324L Developmental Biology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 3324. S

BIOL 3337 Conservation Biology: 3 semester hours.

An introduction to the multidisciplinary study of biodiversity patterns and threats to biodiversity from human activities. PREREQ: BIOL 2209 or permission of instructor. ES

BIOL 3358 Genetics: 3 semester hours.

Basic principles of heredity, variation, and gene expression among eukaryotes, prokaryotes, and viruses. PREREQ: BIOL 2206 or BIOL 2235. F, S

BIOL 3399 Experimental Course: 1-6 semester hours.

This course is not described in the catalog. The course title and number of credits are announced in the class schedule by the scheduling department. Experimental courses may be offered no more than three times. May be repeated.

BIOL 4400 Oral Histology and Embryology: 3 semester hours.

The microanatomy and formative processes of the teeth and their surrounding structures. COREQ: BIOL 4400L. S

BIOL 4400L Oral History and Embryology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4400. S

BIOL 4404 Plant Physiology: 3 semester hours.

Study of plant physiological processes with emphasis on plant-environment interactions. Topics include physiological ecology, water relations, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, respiration, translocation of photosynthate, secondary compounds and phytohormones. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102; one year of college chemistry. OF

BIOL 4404L Plant Physiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4404. COREQ: BIOL 4404. OF

BIOL 4405 Plant Form and Function: 3 semester hours.

Integrated studies of anatomical and physiological adaptations of plants to their natural environment. Data collection and analysis will be emphasized. PREREQ: BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 4405L. EF

BIOL 4405L Plant Form and Function Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4405. EF

BIOL 4406 Plant Diversity and Evolution: 4 semester hours.

Study of the reproduction, structure, development, evolution, and classification of the fungi, algae, bryophytes, and vascular plants. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 4406L. OF

BIOL 4406L Plant Diversity and Evolution Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4406. OF

BIOL 4408 Plant Ecology: 3 semester hours.

Major factors limiting plant growth and distribution with emphasis on adaptation and response at the individual, population, and community levels. Lectures, Laboratories. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, and BIOL 2209. OS

BIOL 4408L Plant Ecology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4408. OS

BIOL 4412 Systematic Botany: 4 semester hours.

Study of classification and evolution of flowering plants; techniques of phylogeny reconstruction based on molecular and morphological characters. Collection/identification of local flora. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 4412L. AS

BIOL 4412L Systematic Botany Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4412. AS

BIOL 4413 Biology Teaching Methods: 3 semester hours.

Designed to help biology teachers plan, teach and evaluate teaching activities. Includes practical experience in a diversity of methods used in science classrooms, and in resources that enhance professional development. Required for secondary teaching majors in biology. PREREQ: 16 credit hours of biology and EDUC 3302, or permission of instructor. F

BIOL 4415L Human Neurobiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Detailed examination of the gross anatomy and pathways of the human central nervous system. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. S

BIOL 4416 Population Ecology: 3 semester hours.

Introduces quantitative analysis of populations, emphasizing demography, distribution, abundance, spatial and temporal dynamics, biodiversity, coexistence, and applications to conservation and land use decision-making. Includes data collection and analysis. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. COREQ: BIOL 4416L. ES

BIOL 4416L Population Ecology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4416. ES

BIOL 4417 Organic Evolution: 3 semester hours.

An integrated study of evolution as a unifying concept in biology. An examination of patterns and processes that affect the origin and diversification of species through time. PREREQ: BIOL 3358 and BIOL 2209. F, S

BIOL 4418 Ecological Topics: 1 semester hour.

Flexible use of seminars, lectures, and laboratory/field work dealing with current issues in ecology. Topic/emphasis varies. May be repeated for up to 3 credits. PREREQ: BIOL 2209 or permission of instructor. F, S

BIOL 4419 Mammalian Histology: 4 semester hours.

Study of animal tissues, including structural and functional characteristics of tissues and organs. PREREQ: BIOL 2206, and either (BIOL 3304 and BIOL 3304L) or (BIOL 3301 and BIOL 3302). COREQ: BIOL 4419L. F

BIOL 4419L Mammalian Histology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4419. F

BIOL 4420 Musculo-Skeletal Anatomy: 2 semester hours.

Study of human body structure emphasizing muscular system and its relationship to axial and appendicular skeleton. Focus is on extremities, thorax, and pelvis with applications toward normal, diseased and rehabilitative functions. PREREQ: BIOL 3301 and BIOL 3302. ES

BIOL 4423 General Parasitology: 3 semester hours.

Study of parasitic symbioses of animals, plants and other organisms focusing on concepts, principles, and consequences of such interactions and the coevolutionary processes by which they are created. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. F

BIOL 4426 Herpetology: 3 semester hours.

The biology of amphibians and reptiles: lecture topics include evolutionary history, functional morphology, physiological ecology, biogeography, reproductive, and population ecology. Laboratories and field trips cover systematic, natural history, and collecting/sampling techniques. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. COREQ: BIOL 4426L. ES

BIOL 4426L Herpetology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4426. ES

BIOL 4427 Ichthyology: 3 semester hours.

The biology of fishes: lecture topics include evolutionary history, functional morphology, physiological ecology, and biogeography. Laboratory and weekend field trips cover identification, natural history and collecting techniques. Emphasis on Idaho species. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. COREQ: BIOL 4427L. EF

BIOL 4427L Ichthyology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4427. EF

BIOL 4428 Medical Parasitology and Entomology: 3 semester hours.

Study of animal parasites, with an emphasis on protists, helminths and arthropods affecting human health and welfare by their presence or indirectly via pathogens they transmit. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 4428L. EF, D

BIOL 4428L Medical Parasitology and Entomology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4428. EF, D

BIOL 4429 Regional Anatomy and Histology: 4 semester hours.

Regional approach to gross human anatomy emphasizing the use of prosected materials and microscopic anatomy. Designed primarily for students in the Physician Assistant Program. PREREQ: BIOL 3301, BIOL 3302. COREQ: BIOL 4429L. F

BIOL 4429L Regional Anatomy and Histology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4429. F

BIOL 4431 General Entomology: 3 semester hours.

Structure, development, classification, and life histories of insects, including ecological, economic and management considerations. An insect collection may be required. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1102. COREQ: BIOL 4431L. OF

BIOL 4431L General Entomology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4431. OF

BIOL 4432 Biochemistry: 3 semester hours.

Comprehensive discussion/presentation of structure, function and metabolism of biological macromolecules and their constituents, including energetics, regulation, and molecular biology, with emphasis on critical analysis of biochemical issues. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and CHEM 3301. F, S

BIOL 4433 Microbial Physiology: 3 semester hours.

Comparative physiology of microorganisms, including structure/function, metabolic diversity, enzymatic mechanisms of microbial metabolism, and physiology of extreme organisms. This course is a coreq for BIOL 4433L. May be repeated upon completion of BIOL 4433L. PREREQ: BIOL 2235, BIOL 2235L and completion of 90 credits. F

BIOL 4433L Microbial Physiology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Laboratory exercises in comparative physiology of microorganisms. PREREQ: BIOL 2235, BIOL 2235L, and either BIOL 4432 or BIOL 4445. COREQ: BIOL 4433. F

BIOL 4434 Microbial Diversity: 3 semester hours.

Factors influencing the enrichment, cultivation, and isolation of prokaryotes from various metabolic groups and environments. May be repeated upon completion of BIOL 4434L. PREREQ: BIOL 2235 and BIOL 2235L. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 4434L. S

BIOL 4434L Microbial Diversity Lab: 1 semester hour.

Enrichment, cultivation and isolation of prokaryotes from various metabolic groups and environments. COREQ: BIOL 4434. S

BIOL 4435 Vertebrate Paleontology: 4 semester hours.

Phylogenetic history of the vertebrates outlined in the light of morphology, classification, evolution, paleoecology, and the significance of fossils. Field trips. Equivalent to GEOL 4435. PREREQ: GEOL 4431, or BIOL 3304 and BIOL 3304L, or equivalent. F

BIOL 4437 Experimental Biochemistry: 1 semester hour.

Laboratory course including both qualitative and quantitative experiments. Equivalent to CHEM 4438. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4432 or BIOL/CHEM 4445. F, S

BIOL 4438 Ornithology: 4 semester hours.

Study of the origin, evolution, structure, habits, adaptations, distribution, and classification of birds. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, and BIOL 2209. S

BIOL 4439 Principles of Taphonomy: 3 semester hours.

Effects of processes which modify organisms between death and the time the usually fossilized remains are studied. Emphasis on vertebrates. Equivalent to ANTH 4439 and GEOL 4439. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. AS

BIOL 4440 Human Gross Anatomy: 4 semester hours.

Comprehensive regional study of gross human anatomy with emphasis on the upper limb, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and perineum. Designed for first year dental students and complements BIOL 4450. COREQ: BIOL 4440L. F

BIOL 4440L Human Gross Anatomy Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4440. F

BIOL 4441 Mammalogy: 3 semester hours.

General study of mammals including classification, identification, habits, ecology, economics, and techniques of study, with emphasis on North American forms. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. COREQ: BIOL 4441L. OS

BIOL 4441L Mammalogy Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4441. OS

BIOL 4442 Plant Animal Interactions: 3 semester hours.

Coevolution of plant and animal form and function emphasizing pollination, herbivory, parasitism, frugivory/seed dispersal, and optimal foraging. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. EF

BIOL 4443 Endocrinology: 3 semester hours.

Study of the anatomy and physiology of the ductless glands and the properties and uses of natural and synthetic hormones. PREREQ: BIOL 3304 and BIOL 3304L. ES

BIOL 4444 Cell and Molecular Biology: 3 semester hours.

Fundamental principles of cell structure, function and molecular biology: DNA replication, repair, and recombination, transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, RNA metabolism, protein synthesis, targeting and turnover, post-translational modifications, signal transduction, regulation of the cell division cycle, and molecular genetics of development. May be repeated upon completion of BIOL 4444L. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4444L. PREREQ: BIOL 3358 and CHEM 3302. F

BIOL 4444L Cell and Molecular Biology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Laboratory techniques in cell and molecular biology, including cloning, PCR and DNA sequencing. PRE-or-COREQ: BIOL 4444. F

BIOL 4445 Biochemistry I: 3 semester hours.

Introduction to basic aspects of biochemical systems, including fundamental chemical and physical properties of biomolecules. Enzymology, including allosterism, metabolic regulation, bioenergetics, and carbohydrate metabolism. Equivalent to CHEM 4445. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and CHEM 3302. F

BIOL 4446 Selected Topics in Physiology: 1 semester hour.

Selected topics in physiology for dental students: blood coagulation-complement-kinin systems, prostaglandin and related substances, vitamins, steroids, mucopolysaccharides, collagen and other extracellular matrix macromolecules and cyto- and molecular genetics. S

BIOL 4447 Biochemistry II: 3 semester hours.

Functional continuation of BIOL 4445. Lipid, amino acid, and nucleotide metabolism. Emphasis is on regulation of metabolism, metabolic dysfunctions, biochemical mechanisms of hormone action, biochemical genetics, protein synthesis, and metabolic consequences of genetic defects. Equivalent to CHEM 4447. PREREQ: BIOL/CHEM 4445. S

BIOL 4448 Advanced Experimental Biochemistry: 2 semester hours.

Advanced laboratory projects designed to emphasize techniques of qualitative and quantitative biochemical analysis. Equivalent to CHEM 4448. PREREQ: BIOL 4437/CHEM 4438. COREQ: BIOL/CHEM 4447. F, S

BIOL 4449 Human Physiology I: 4 semester hours.

First of a two semester sequence. Physiology of the nervous, muscular and circulatory systems. Equivalent to PHAR 9949. PREREQ: BIOL 1101. F

BIOL 4450 Head and Neck Anatomy: 3 semester hours.

Comprehensive presentation of the anatomy of the head and neck as it applies to the practice of dentistry. COREQ: BIOL 4450L. S

BIOL 4450L Head and Neck Anatomy Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4450. S

BIOL 4451 Immunology: 3 semester hours.

Study of antigens, antibodies, complement, humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, hypersensitivity, immunodeficiency, autoimmunity, tumor immunology, transplantation, vaccines, infectious disease immunology, and immunodiagnostic assays. PREREQ: BIOL 2221 and BIOL 2221L, or BIOL 2235 and BIOL 2235L. F

BIOL 4451L Immunology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Selected laboratory experiments to accompany Immunology BIOL 4451. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4451. Open to non-majors by special permission. F

BIOL 4453 Foundations in Neuroscience: 3 semester hours.

Organizing principles in neuroscience including biological signaling of excitable cells, neuroanatomy and regional brain functions, and sensorimotor integration of behavior. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. S

BIOL 4454 Advanced Immunology: 3 semester hours.

Detailed study of selected areas of immunobiology. Course content will vary with current demand. Students will lead discussions and present current literature. PREREQ: BIOL 4451 and permission of instructor. F

BIOL 4455 Pathogenic Microbiology: 3 semester hours.

How the medically important bacteria, viruses and fungi interact with the host to produce disease, including microbe characteristics, pathogenesis, pathological processes, prevention, and treatment methods. PREREQ: BIOL 2221 and BIOL 2221L, or BIOL 2235 and BIOL 2235L. S

BIOL 4455L Pathogenic Microbiology Laboratory: 2 semester hours.

Will emphasize procedures for the isolation and identification of pathogenic bacteria. Clinical specimens will be provided for use in identification of unknowns. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4455. S

BIOL 4456 Human Physiology II: 4 semester hours.

Physiology of the respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems. Includes studies of acid-base balance. Equivalent to PHAR 9956. PREREQ: BIOL 4449 or equivalent. S

BIOL 4459 Fish Ecology: 3 semester hours.

Study of the behavior, habitat use, population dynamics, and management of freshwater fishes, especially salmon and trout. Laboratory and weekend field trips emphasize sampling techniques and data analysis. COREQ: BIOL 4459L. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. OF

BIOL 4459L Fish Ecology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4459. COREQ: BIOL 4459. OF

BIOL 4460 Neuroscience: 4 semester hours.

Comprehensive presentation of the anatomy of the central nervous system, the brain and spinal cord. Combined lecture and laboratory demonstration. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. S

BIOL 4461 Advanced Genetics: 3 semester hours.

Detailed and critical consideration of selected genetic topics with emphasis on recent advances. PREREQ: BIOL 3358. S

BIOL 4462 Freshwater Ecology: 3 semester hours.

Study of the interaction of physical and biotic factors in aquatic ecosystems. Field trips. PREREQ: BIOL 2209. COREQ: BIOL 4462L. EF

BIOL 4462L Freshwater Ecology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4462. COREQ: BIOL 4462. EF

BIOL 4463 Human Pathophysiology: 4 semester hours.

The study of basic process underlying diseases, with an emphasis on correlating anatomical, functional, and biochemical alterations with clinical manifestations. PREREQ: BIOL 3301 and BIOL 3302, or permission of instructor. COREQ: BIOL 4463L. F

BIOL 4463L Human Pathophysiology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4463. COREQ: BIOL 4463. F

BIOL 4464 Lectures in Human Physiology: 4 semester hours.

Physiology of the nervous, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, and excretory systems. PREREQ: BIOL 3301, BIOL 3302, and one year of college chemistry. F

BIOL 4466 Medical Mycology: 3 semester hours.

Lecture/laboratory course addressing medically important fungi. Taxonomy, clinical disease, pathogenesis, immunological diagnosis and laboratory identification of contaminants, opportunists, superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous and systemic mycoses. PREREQ: BIOL 2221 or BIOL 2235. S

BIOL 4469 Special Topics in Microbiology: 1-4 semester hours.

Study of selected topics in microbiology. Course contents will vary with topics selected. May be repeated with departmental approval for nonrepetitive course content. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. F, S

BIOL 4470 Cross-Sectional Anatomy: 2 semester hours.

Applied regional anatomy as viewed in sectional planes, emphasizing topographic relationships of organs and surface anatomy, with interpretation of correlated CT and MRI imaging. PREREQ: BIOL 3301 and BIOL 3302. S

BIOL 4471 Fundamentals of Biological Imaging: 3 semester hours.

Introduction to microscopy with an emphasis on image formation, documentation, interpretation and analysis relevant to experimental applications in the biological sciences. Lecture and laboratory with independent research component. EF

BIOL 4472 Clinical Physiology: 2 semester hours.

A survey of selected organ systems with clinical correlations of pathophysiologic states. PREREQ: BIOL 4464. S

BIOL 4473 Applied and Environmental Microbiology: 3 semester hours.

Concepts in applied microbiology and microbial ecology, including fermentation, biotechnology, and ecophysiology. May be repeated upon completion of BIOL 4473L. PREREQ: BIOL 2235. COREQ: BIOL 4473L. ES

BIOL 4473L Applied Environmental Microbiology Lab: 1 semester hour.

Laboratory exercises in applied and environmental microbiology. COREQ: BIOL 4473. ES

BIOL 4474 Human Anatomy Occupational and Physical Therapy: 5 semester hours.

Applied regional anatomy emphasizing the development, histology and gross anatomy of the musculoskeletal, peripheral nervous, and cardiopulmonary systems. Includes laboratory with cadaver dissection. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. COREQ: BIOL 4474L. F

BIOL 4474L Human Anatomy Occupational and Physical Therapy Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4474. COREQ: BIOL 4474. F

BIOL 4475 General Virology: 3 semester hours.

Introduction to the general principles of virology through consideration of structure, genetics, replication and biochemistry of animal and bacterial viruses. PREREQ: Completion of 90 credits. F

BIOL 4477 Bacterial Virology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Designed to acquaint students with the techniques and experimental principles used in the study of bacterial viruses. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4475. S

BIOL 4478 Animal Virology Laboratory: 1 semester hour.

Introduces tissue culture methods and other techniques employed in the study of animal viruses. PREREQ or COREQ: BIOL 4475. F

BIOL 4480 Mentored Research Alliance: 2 semester hours.

Discovery research in life sciences conducted in a cooperative learning community. May be repeated. PREREQ: BIOL 1101 and BIOL 1101L and permission of instructor. F, S

BIOL 4481 Independent Problems: 1-4 semester hours.

Individual problems will be assigned to students on the basis of interest and previous preparation. May be repeated for up to 4 credits. PREREQ: A minimum of two courses in biological sciences and permission of the instructor. F

BIOL 4482 Independent Problems: 1-4 semester hours.

Individual problems will be assigned to students on the basis of interest and previous preparation. May be repeated for up to 4 credits. PREREQ: A minimum of two courses in biological sciences and permission of the instructor. S

BIOL 4486 Human Systemic Physiology: 5 semester hours.

One-semester lecture/laboratory human physiology course emphasizing the function and regulation of the muscular, skeletal, circulatory, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, and immune systems. PREREQ: CHEM 1111, CHEM 1111L, CHEM 1112, and CHEM 1112L; BIOL 3301 and BIOL 3302 or equivalent. COREQ: BIOL 4486L. F

BIOL 4486L Human Systemic Physiology Lab: 0 semester hours.

Assignments to apply principles from BIOL 4486. COREQ: BIOL 4486. F

BIOL 4488 Advanced Radiobiology: 3 semester hours.

An advanced-level class covering aspects of molecular radiobiology, teratogenesis, oncogenesis, and acute radiation illnesses. It also considers nonstochastic radiation effects and the epidemiology of radiation exposures. Equivalent to HPHY 4488. PREREQ: Permission of instructor. AF

BIOL 4489 Field Ecology: 4 semester hours.

An intensive field study of at least one biogeographical region to increase student's knowledge of, and skill with, field sampling techniques, field-study design, data collection and analysis, and report preparation. Lectures, laboratories. PREREQ: BIOL 2209 and a course in statistics. S

BIOL 4490 Ecosystem Ecology and Global Changes: 4 semester hours.

Examination of the structure and function of ecosystems and their responses to natural and anthropogenic changes emphasizing energy, water, carbon, and nitrogen cycling. Field trip. Equivalent to GEOL 4490. PREREQ: BIOL 1101, BIOL 1102, BIOL 2209, GEOL 1101, and GEOL 1101L, or permission of instructor. PRE-or-COREQ: CHEM 1111. S

BIOL 4491 Seminar: 1 semester hour.

Review of current research and literature in the general fields of biological science. May be repeated for up to 2 credits. PREREQ: Senior standing or permission of department. F, S, Su

BIOL 4492 Seminar: 1 semester hour.

Review of current research and literature in the general fields of biological science. May be repeated for up to 2 credits. PREREQ: Senior standing or permission of department. F, S, Su

BIOL 4493 Senior Thesis: 1-4 semester hours.

This is a course supervised by a committee of at least two faculty members, approved by the department chair. The thesis topic may be interdisciplinary, with four credits conferred by one or more departments. May be repeated for up to 4 credits. PREREQ: Senior status; permission of department. F, S

BIOL 4494 Seminar in Microbiology: 1 semester hour.

Presentation of written and oral review of library research in microbiology and molecular biology by students for discussion with faculty and fellow students. May be repeated for up to 2 credits. F, S, Su

BIOL 4495 Animal Behavior: 4 semester hours.

Behavior of animals and the evolutionary mechanisms which dictate behavioral patterns. PREREQ: Upper-division or Graduate status. EF

BIOL 4496 Ecology Senior Seminar: 1 semester hour.

Review of current research in ecology and related areas. Attendance at departmental seminars and written summaries of the seminars required. May be repeated for up to 2 credits. PREREQ: Senior status and Ecology major or permission of department. F, S

BIOL 4497 Workshop: 1-2 semester hours.

Workshops aimed at the development and improvement of skills. Does not satisfy requirements for a major or a minor. May be repeated. Graded S/U. D

BIOL 4498 Seminar in Biochemistry: 1 semester hour.

Review of current research and literature in the field of biochemistry. Equivalent to CHEM 4498. May be repeated for up to 2 credits. PREREQ: Senior standing or permission of department. F, S

BIOL 4498P Professional Development Workshop: 3 semester hours.

New methods and opportunities to enhance and supplement skills. Subject to the approval of the Dean of the student's college, a maximum of eight credits earned in workshops may be applied toward a degree; students taking the courses only for personal development may choose the 0-credit option; those seeking professional development must choose a for-credit option.

BIOL 4499 Experimental Course: 1-6 semester hours.

This course is not described in the catalog. The course title and number of credits are announced in the class schedule by the scheduling department. Experimental courses may be offered no more than three times.

Faculty

Chair

Michael Thomas

Assistant Chairs

Shawn Bearden

Janet Loxterman

Professors

Curt Anderson

Mark Austin

Colden Baxter

David Delehanty

Bruce Finney (Joint: Geosciences)

Ernest Keeley

Tim Magnuson

Jeff Meldrum

Charles Peterson

Kenneth Rodnick

Jack Rose

Peter Sheridan

Rosemary Smith

Vern Winston

Associate professors

Caryn Evilia (Joint: Chemistry)

James Groome

Jeff Hill

Katherine Lohse (Joint: Geosciences)

Charles F. (Rick) Williams (Joint: IMNH)

Assistant professors

Ken Aho

Antonio Castro

Rebecca Hale

Jason Pilarski (Joint: IDEP)

Keith Reinhardt

Moytri Roy-Chowdhury

Senior Lecturer

Catherine Black

Barbara Frank

Associate Lecturers

Jack Shurley

Assistant Lecturers

Jennifer Abbruzzese

Katrina Rhett

Technical Instructional Designer

Carolyn Bunde

Emeriti

Akersten

R. Anderson

Bowmer

Bowyer

Farrell

Griffith

Holte

House

Inouye

Linder

J. McCune

R. McCune

W. Minshall

F. Rose

Scalarone

Seeley

Spall

Spiegel

Stephens

Streubel

Trost

Tullis

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